Warts: what are they and how to get rid of them?

About a quarter of the population suffers from a problem such as warts. Someone does not pay attention to them, but someone cares, tries to treat them. Most neoplasms do not pose a particular threat, but there are deadly (malignant) types.

wart on finger

Its appearance is a serious dermatological disease that has arisen as a result of the entry of the human papillomavirus into the body with weak immunity or severe illness. The virus affects not only the visible parts of the body - hands, face, legs, but also the internal system of the body, it remains for life. A person lives unaware of the disease, is a carrier and, unfortunately, infects healthy people.

Today more than a hundred varieties of this pathogen are known. Only people are susceptible to it, so the fear of getting infected from animals, especially toads, is a myth.

What is a wart?

WartIt is a benign neoplasm of the skin caused by a virus. It develops in the form of a nodule or papilla. They can be one at a time or in close-knit groups. Spread among children and adults with weak immunity.

In children, there is a desire to tear off or simply scratch the wart, which leads to the transmission of infection to a clean area of the skin. Warts behave in completely unexpected ways: they may go away on their own with no effect on them, or they may be unaffected by the most effective medications and treatments.

types of warts


oval platesup to 9 mm in size, they rise slightly above the skin. Painted in gray-yellow or yellow-pink colors. They form numerous clusters. It causes itching. Outwardly, they resemble a nettle burn. It appears on the face, neck, back of the skin of the arms and legs, the body of girls, boys. This species is not found in adults. They occur during hormonal changes in the body.

Hence the second name.juvenile warts. Its appearance on the skin of the face of young people can cause the beginning of the use of knives: wounds on the skin of the face, neck and non-compliance with basic hygiene standards. Pass on your own.

A photography

A photograph of flat warts clearly demonstrates the characteristic features of this type:

flat warts


The most common type. It especially affects children. Location: fingers, palms, hands, they rarely appear on the mucous membranes. Outgrowth 0. 5 to 2 mm, flesh-colored, may have red spots.

They grow from maternal warts to children. This type of treatment is not necessary. After 3-6-8 months they disappear on their own. Some cases have been identified when the wart lasted 1. 5 years. Of course, they can be removed if they are localized to a large area of the skin or cause discomfort when moving.

A photography

The photograph shows the structure and location of the common wart on the fingers:

common warts


A common sight among the elderly. In rare cases, pregnant women are affected, indicating a problem in the course of pregnancy, also with menopause in women, as the hormonal background is deviated. At the initial stage, a bump is formed, which increases in size, takes the form of a 5-10 mm flesh-colored thread. They can merge into groups, forming a scallop.

They appear in the area of the eyes, nose, neck, groin, armpits, around the chest in women, that is, where there is delicate skin, there are folds and places with excessive sweating. Requires careful observation of specialists, treatment. They don't go alone. It needs to be treated or removed.

A photography

The photo shows filiform warts that hit the eye:

filiform warts

Genital warts

small formationsflesh pink, divided into slices. Outwardly, they resemble a cauliflower inflorescence. They develop on the genitals, anus, in rare cases in the oral cavity, urethra. In appearance, warts are confused with nacreous papules, which are not a disease.

Genital warts are soft to the touch, attached to a thin stem, can be of different sizes: from 2 millimeters to 10 centimeters. They are transmitted only sexually, so they belong to the venereal disease of the same name. Areas with small cracks or wounds are especially vulnerable.

They appear 2-3 months after sexual contact, if immunity is excellent, the process can last for decades. Spread of the virus in the body can cause cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. Therefore, if this type of wart is found, it is important to urgently contact doctors - specialists - a venereologist, a gynecologist. Get rid of just treatment and disposal.

A photography

The photo shows pointed (anogenital) warts:

Genital warts

Senile (seborrheic keratosis)

It occurs in older people.dark brown or blackthey resemble melanomas (malignant tumors), so it is important to consult an oncologist. It appears on the face, neck, torso. This type of neoplasm is the only one not caused by the human papillomavirus. Over time, the wart becomes dense to the touch, covered with a keratinized crust with black or white "pearls".

Location: chest, neck, face, arms. They do not appear on soles and palms. The size is from 2 mm to 6 cm. Both single growths and foci of accumulations of up to several tens are possible. In patients with multiple seborrheic keratosis, a family history is sometimes observed, reflecting hereditary predisposition.

This species develops slowly, over several decades, and does not undergo malignant transformation. They require observation and treatment. Remove as directed by a physician.

Important: with the appearance of a neoplasm on the skin of an elderly person, you should immediately consult a dermatologist and oncologist so as not to miss the development of skin cancer!

A photography

The images show the four stages of development of senile warts.

Point stage:

Senile warts at the point stage

Papular form (nodules and papules):

Nodules and papules of seborrheic keratosis


keratotic wart

skin horn:

Stage of development of senile wart - skin horn

Typical Wart Locations

Warts most often appear in the following places:

  • facial warts:

    • Flat: the most common type, affects the cheeks, the area around the mouth.
    • Vulgar: It can appear anywhere on the face as single formations or several in different areas.
    • Filiform: favorite places are the eyelids, lips and neck.
  • Warts on hands and arms:

    • Vulgar - affects the fingers, palms, hands (photo).
    • Plane - the back of the palms, the outer side of the elbow joint area, the nail plates (photo).
  • plantar wartsLocation - tips of the fingers, base of the fingers, foot. Plantar warts are popularly called "spike". They appear in places of pressure from footwear, especially in people who suffer from constant sweating of the feet. Keratinized excrescence of yellowish gray color. The appearance is noted individually, in rare cases - a group of three to five formations. It causes discomfort when walking. They pass on their own or are removed surgically, cauterization.

Causes of warts

As we already know, the origin of the appearance of neoplasms is the insidioushuman papilloma virus.Contagion of a carrier of an infection to a healthy person by domestic, sexual contact, through objects of collective use.

It is easy to get a virus in places of rest: a bathhouse, a sauna, a beach, a swimming pool. Favorable for infection at night, in the afternoon, since the sun's rays are harmful to the virus. Symptoms of the disease appear after two to five months.

Factors that contribute to the appearance of warts:

  • Weak immunity.
  • Synthetic shoes.
  • Perspiration.
  • Violation of metabolism in the body.
  • Endocrine pathology.
  • Stress.
  • Fungus and other infectious diseases.
  • Insufficient hygiene.
  • Lack of nutrients in the body.
  • casual sex
  • Failure to comply with the rules of asepsis and antisepsis during manicure and pedicure.

Wart treatment at home.

When a buildup appears, first of all, you should seek the advice of a dermatologist. He will examine, determine the nature of the occurrence and the type of education. He will prescribe the appropriate treatment for your case. In the initial stages, drug treatment is highly effective.

In children

Treatment of warts in children:

  1. Ointment prescribed by a dermatologist. Treat the wart directly, after steaming it, wait for it to be completely absorbed. The effect occurs from two weeks to two months.
  2. Medical plaster for the treatment of warts. It is saturated with salicylic acid. The advantage of the patch is that the affected area is covered. This does not prevent the child from playing. It also prevents bacteria from entering the wound, thus blocking the spread of the virus.
  3. antiviral therapy.
  4. Apply medications to protect the immune system.
  5. Carry out preventive courses of vitamins.

Tips from traditional medicine:

  • Fresh juice of celandine, dandelion or garlic. Treat the wart several times a day.
  • Dough with essence of vinegar. Mix two drops of essence with flour. Make a small hole in the patch, the same size as the wart. Paste the white, thereby protecting healthy areas of the skin. We put a piece of the resulting mass into the hole, fix it on top with another small piece of plaster. It is better to carry out the procedure at night. The result is possible in the morning.
  • Lotions from a decoction of wormwood.

If, after removal, new neoplasms appear, you need to think about the state of immunity of the baby. It is important to carefully consider the nutrition of the child, spend more time walking in the fresh air. If the body's defenses are working in full force, it will not be necessary to know how to remove a wart from a child. The body will be able to cope with the virus on its own.

in adults

You can use chemicals from pharmacies - antiviral ointments and creams containing alkali or acid.

Also, you can use:

  1. Caustic agent based on phenol and meta-cresol. Using the applicator, treat the wart without touching healthy skin. It is used to remove plantar, filiform and common warts.
  2. Preparation with sodium hydroxide. It is considered the best remedy. Use strictly as directed by your doctor.
  3. Remedy with celandine herb juice. The drug is not only for removing warts, it is also an antiviral agent.
  4. Spray with coolant, temperature minus 57 degrees.
  5. A solution based on a mixture of different acids.
  6. Antiviral gel containing a unique synthetic peptide. Suitable for adults and children.
  7. Combination of polysaccharides, acetic and citric acids, potassium iodide, aromatic plant extracts and celandine. The drug has no side effects.

wart removal

You need to start by examining the wart by a doctor, this will help to understand the cause of the appearance and prevent recurrence.

laser removal

main method. It will quickly and painlessly help get rid of the buildup. It is used in children from an early age. Fight all kinds of warts.

There are a number of contraindications:

  • ARVI or exacerbation of a chronic disease at the time of treatment;
  • hypertension;
  • evil education;
  • pregnancy and lactation.

A high-tech surgical laser is used for the procedure. In any neoplasm, under the action of high temperatures of the laser beam, the pathogen dies. The beam acts on the surface of the skin without touching or injuring it. The main advantage of this method is that the laser device operator can easily control the power and depth of the beam.

After the procedure, it is not recommended to wet the wound, go to the bathhouse, sauna, pool, solarium, protect from direct sunlight, do not use cosmetics, do not hide under the cast.

Benefits of the treatment:

  • there is no risk of infection;
  • the wound does not bleed;
  • minimum time for processing;
  • once is enough;
  • method for any type of warts;
  • no age restrictions.

Removal with liquid nitrogen (cryolysis)

The death of the wart tissue cells occurs during the freezing process. The method is suitable for shallow keratinized growths.


  • nitrogen sensitivity;
  • epileptic seizures;
  • hypertension;
  • pregnancy and the first months of lactation;
  • SARS and other infections.

Use a special nozzle cryoapplicator or a wooden stick with a cotton tip. impact on education during10-40 seconds. The growth turns white, within an hour a bubble appears in its place, which in no case should be pierced or cut. It will disappear on its own in a week, gradually drying up. Finally, the traces of the treatment disappear in two or three weeks.

When treating flat warts, the doctor performs skin shading - 4 approaches at intervals of 2 minutes.

Treatment of plantar warts is painful as deeper exposure to nitrogen is required. For greater efficiency, the procedure is carried out 3-4 times in four days. In severe forms of growth, treatment is delayed up to six months. The recovery period lasts three weeks, since there is pain during healing, which causes discomfort when walking.


  • price payable;
  • short-term procedure that does not require preparation;
  • the development of infection is excluded;
  • does not leave scars.


  • anesthesia is required;
  • with an inaccurate calculation of the depth of exposure, a skin burn is possible.
  • Repeated courses for large warts.

Electrical cauterization (electrocoagulation)

special applianceselectrocoagulatorproduces a high frequency current. It has a tip with a loop-shaped electrode. The doctor controls and regulates the current supply. Under the influence of discharges, the temperature of the cells inside the wart reaches 80 degrees. they are dying. Education is cut off. The scab finally disappears in a week.


  • herpes activity;
  • malignant tumors or suspicion of them;
  • swelling in the area of the procedure;
  • the location of the wart near blood vessels.


  • the procedure takes a short time - from a few seconds to a minute;
  • the ability to burn several growths at once;
  • no bleeding;
  • there is no risk of infection.


  • requires anesthesia;
  • damage to surrounding tissues;
  • unpleasant tingling sensations after the procedure;
  • daily crust processing;
  • scars

Scalpel excision

The traditional and easy way to remove. Before the procedure, the area is anesthetized, then the growth is cut with a scalpel. The wound is sutured, which is removed on the eighth day. This method is used with an extensive lesion, when other methods are ineffective. Leave scars. There is a risk of infection, subsequently new foci.


  • large size of the wart;
  • suspected development of a malignant tumor;
  • Contraindications to other methods.

Minimal contraindications:

  • exacerbation of herpes or other infection;
  • chronic diseases without additional examination;
  • refusal to pregnant women at the discretion of the doctor.


Wart prevention:

  1. Hygiene.
  2. permanent partner.
  3. Personal stuff.
  4. Vitamin therapy.
  5. Maintenance of immunity.

The developed medicine and a variety of ways of treating warts cannot affect the complete elimination of the human papillomavirus, unfortunately, its rate is growing in all countries of the world.Sickness cannot be left unattended.Constant monitoring by specialists and timely treatment will help prevent the risk of malignant transformation of the focus.