Why do papillomas appear on the body?

Many associate the appearance of papillomas with the natural aging process. If you focus on the facts, you can immediately refute this theory. Papillomas are found not only in the elderly, but also in children and adolescents. Papillomas are a signal from the body indicating the presence of abnormalities. If you pay attention to education data in a timely manner, you can identify the symptoms of dangerous diseases.

why does papilloma appear

Papillomas: what is it?

Papilloma - a formation on the skin or mucous membranes. This outgrowth has a soft structure, it is located on the basis of various thicknesses. In rare cases, the size of the formation exceeds 10 mm. Papillomas are usually a few millimeters in diameter. If the growth reaches 2 cm, it must be removed, followed by examination.

The tone of the papilloma is similar to the color of the surrounding tissues. If the formation has a rigid structure, it turns white, a yellow tint may appear. If the papilloma is located on the mucosa, it usually has a pink tint. After some time, the formation is covered with a gray layer, which occurs as a result of the growth of connective tissue. Papillomas are benign formations, but some of them are characterized by an increased risk of degeneration into a cancerous tumor.

In a note!If you find papillomas on the body, you should see a doctor to diagnose the disease and remove the papilloma.

Types of papillomas

There are several varieties of these formations. There are more than 100 types of papillomas, characterized by individual features. In most cases, the following types are diagnosed:

Name Description
Simple Compact growths with a smooth semicircular surface. Usually they occur in the area of the fingers, hands, in rare cases in the knees. Similar formations appear in childhood and adolescence. They usually pass by themselves without leaving consequences.
flat Round shaped formations. They are easy to notice visually as they rise above the skin. They often provoke the appearance of various inflammatory processes, in which people complain of itching and burning. It is usually detected almost immediately after onset.
plant Papillomas, which in the early stages of development are often confused with corns. After some time, edges are formed in the formation, it is possible to distinguish the center of the papilloma. When walking, people note a manifestation of severe discomfort, sometimes pain develops. An alternative name for such papillomas is spines.
filiform Elongated outgrowths, similar to several connected threads. They usually develop in old age. The most popular areas of placement: the neck area, under the armpits, near the eyes. Due to the inconvenient shape, they are characterized by a high risk of injury.
Genital warts Papillomas located in the mucosa. They are characterized by the highest degree of danger, since there is an increased risk of malignancy. Urgent removal of these formations is required. If you find such growths, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Based on external signs, it is possible to classify a specific papilloma as a specific group. In order to accurately determine the type of papilloma, the cause of its appearance, it is necessary to conduct a full examination, with the help of a specialist.

Causes of papillomas

These formations occur when infected with the human papillomavirus. When HPV is infected, growths may not appear right away. If a person has strong immunity, the incubation period lasts for several years. When the body's natural defenses are weakened, obvious manifestations of the disease occur. The presence of papillomas is considered an obvious sign of HPV.

between women

An increase in the activity of the virus can occur under the influence of a specific spectrum of reasons. Papillomas are often formed during pregnancy, since during the gestation of the fetus there is a sharp decrease in immunity, a deterioration in the state of the body. The acceleration of their growth is affected by pathologies in the production of hormones, which manifest themselves not only during pregnancy, but also as a result of the constant use of contraceptives. Some scientists speak of an innate predisposition to the formation of papillomas. Often this factor affects the appearance of genital warts.

in men

Papillomas in most cases are localized in the anus, genitals, armpits, face and hands. The predisposition to the formation of these growths is caused by bad habits, promiscuity. Non-traditionally oriented men are at increased risk of HPV infection. The risk of the formation of papillomas increases if a person works in hazardous industries, often stays in contaminated rooms and comes into contact with harmful chemicals.

In a note!Papillomas often occur in the mouth, larynx, and trachea.

Risk factor's

HPV infection, as well as an exacerbation of the disease, can occur under the influence of such factors:

  1. A sharp decrease in immunity, weakening of the whole organism.
  2. Constant stress, nervous shocks, prolonged depression.
  3. Smoking, frequent intake of alcoholic beverages, other bad habits.
  4. Infectious diseases, including SARS, influenza.
  5. Gastrointestinal tract disorders.
  6. Active sexual life.
  7. The use of certain medications, particularly antibiotics.
  8. Visit public places characterized by a high degree of humidity: saunas, baths, swimming pools, beaches.

transmission routes

The most common situations in which there is an increased risk of transmission of the virus:

  1. Sexual contact without using a condom. The probability of transmission of some strains of HPV in this case reaches 99%. The mucous membranes are susceptible to infection. Highly oncogenic strains are considered the most dangerous.
  2. domestic contact. The transmission of the virus can be carried out with the usual handshake, kiss. The risk of infection increases with damage to the skin.
  3. Personal items, clothing, personal hygiene items that a person shares with a carrier of the virus.
  4. Regular access to public swimming pools. The lifespan of the virus increases in a moist environment.
  5. Intrauterine infection is possible when the virus is transmitted from mother to child during childbirth. If you plan to conceive a child, it is advisable to undergo an examination in advance, if this infection is detected, carry out treatment.


After HPV enters the body, the incubation period begins. Activation of the virus occurs in the presence of provoking factors. The virus moves through the body along with the blood, so the formation of papillomas can occur in any part of the body. There is a risk of papillomas on the internal organs.

In a note!The location of growth is affected by its variety. For example, filiform papillomas often occur in places of constant friction.

The most common localization of papillomas:

  1. The area around the eyes.
  2. eyelids
  3. The area around the mouth.
  4. Near the anus.
  5. limb surface.


Papillomas are benign neoplasms, but have a risk of malignancy. If the papilloma suddenly increases in size, it causes concern, tests are necessary to exclude malignant neoplasms. The most prone to rebirth are papillomas that form on the mucous membranes. Malignant tumors are more susceptible to formations that do not heal for a long time.

In a note!The areas of the body where the papilloma was removed incorrectly are at high risk of degeneration into cancerous tumors.

Dangerous consequences that are manifested by refusing to treat papillomas:

  1. Rebirth of genital warts located in the vagina. There is a risk of cervical cancer. This process takes a long time, but the disease does not manifest itself with characteristic symptoms. If you do not undergo preventive examinations, it is almost impossible to detect violations. Pathology manifests itself only in the later stages.
  2. In case of damage to the papilloma, there is a possibility that the infection will spread to undamaged areas. There is a risk of the formation of growths located next to each other. If you notice such violations, you should pay attention to an increase in the activity of the virus, undergo symptomatic treatment.


To reduce the risk of HPV infection, prophylaxis is carried out. Thanks to vaccination, you can reduce the risk of infection with dangerous strains that lead to serious complications and deterioration of health. Vaccination is carried out in childhood. If desired, the vaccine is given to people older than 26 years of age.

In a note!The vaccine is effective in the absence of HPV in the body. Before being carried out, diagnostic tests are carried out to detect the virus.

To prevent infection, the development of HPV, it is necessary to adjust the lifestyle:

  1. Take care of personal hygiene daily. Carry out the necessary paperwork after each visit to crowded places.
  2. Acquire and use personal hygiene items. Don't trade clothes or shoes, even with close friends.
  3. Stabilize the state of the immune system. To strengthen the immune system, you need to take vitamin complexes. Pharmacy vitamins are especially effective in the fall and spring.
  4. Balance your diet.
  5. Reduce the influence of stress factors, give up a violent reaction to unpleasant situations.
  6. Reserve enough time for adequate rest, sleep at least 8 hours a day.

To prevent the appearance of papillomas, you need to take care of your health, carry out the necessary hygiene measures. If the presence of the virus is expressed in the formation of papillomas, it is necessary to consult a doctor in a timely manner for treatment, removal of growths in the early stages of development.